11 April 2016

How to Relief From Water Hazard

We had discussed “bunker”’ as one of the hazards, but there are other hazards which we also need to be aware of when playing golf- water hazard (WH) and lateral water hazard (LWH).  Let’s see how well you understand the rules governing it.

Below are the definition and their meaning:



  • Any sea, lake, pond, river, ditch, surface drainage ditch or other open water course (whether or not it contains water), and anything of a similar nature on the course.
  • Any other feature in a golf course which does not fall into these categories or that nature cannot be defined as WH or LWH. i.e. forest, bushes, road, course boundary, etc.
  • The margin extends vertically.
  • A ball lying above WH/LWH is deemed inside LW/LWH.
  • Stakes and lines define the margin which is in the WH/LWH.
  • A ball must be completely inside the margin of WH/LWH to be considered in WH/LWH.

Before players proceed under Rule 26, the term “Known or Virtually Certain” must be met.

The relief options are:

Options 1: Player can always opt to play the ball as it lies (in WH/LWH) without penalty.

Options 2: With a 1 stroke penalty, player can opt the following:

Options A: Referred to as ‘Again’, a player may play a ball from which the original ball was last played.

Options B: Referred to as ‘Back’, a player may drop a ball behind WH/LWH keeping the point at which the original ball last crossed the margin directly between the hole and the spot on which the ball is dropped. There is no limit to how far behind the ball may be dropped.

Options C: Referred to as ‘Club’, It is when a ball is drop outside LWH or within a 2 club-length and not nearer to the hole than ‘C1’- the point where the original ball last crossed the margin; or ‘C2’- the point on the opposite margin equidistant from the hole.

Play by the Rules and enjoy the Game…


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